The Chihuahua is a small dog (the smallest recognized by ‘ ENCI FCI ) . The name is due to the eponymous Mexican state where they were born the first breeding of this breed . Chihuahuas can be a short-haired or long-haired . All colors and couplings are allowed and accepted in the breed standard . It is equipped with a tail carried high and bent toward the back , the head has the shape of a ” apple” ears open have hanging at eye level, which are round but not prominent. The weight varies from Kg.1 , 5 to 3 kg Its dimensions make it particularly suitable as a companion dog or living room.
UTILIZATION: Companion dog
CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs – Chihuahua Section 6 – Without working trial .
IMPORTANT: Length of body slightly exceeds the height at the withers. As much as possible is sought a trunk almost square , particularly in males. In females, for their role in reproduction , the trunk is slightly longer accettato.FCI – Standard N ° 218/23.06.2004/GB
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Quick , alert, lively and very courageous .
- HEAD -
CRANIAL REGION : Skull : Well rounded apple head (a characteristic of the breed) preferably without a fontanel , if tolerated small . Stop: Well marked , deep and broad. Bulging forehead above the nose .
FACIAL REGION: Nose : Allowed all colors. Moderately short , pointing slightly upwards. Muzzle: Short, straight seen from side , broad at the base, tapering towards the tip . Lips: Lean and close fitting . Cheeks: Moderately developed , very sharp . Jaws / Teeth: Scissor or pincer . The Overshot , undershot bite , like all other abnormalities of the upper or lower jaw must be strictly penalized. Eyes: Wide , rounded shape , very expressive , not protruding , perfectly dark . Light eyes permissible, but not desired . Ears: Large, upright , widely open, broad at the base, narrowing gradually arrotondandosi slightly towards the tip. A repose inclined laterally forming an angle of 45 ° .
NECK: Topline slightly arched. Length: Medium length Form: More often in males than in females. Skin: Absence of dewlap. In the long-haired variety , the presence of ruff with longer hair is highly desirable.
BODY: Compact and well built. Topline: Straight. Withers: Slightly highlighted.
Back: Short and firm . Loins: Strong, muscular . Croup: Broad and strong; almost flat or slightly sloping. Chest: Ribcage broad and deep , ribs well spring . Seen from front, roomy but not exaggerated . Seen from the side , reaching to elbows . Do not barrel-shaped . Lower Line: Formed by a clearly tucked up belly . A relaxed belly is permitted but not required .
TAIL: Set on high , flat in appearance , of moderate length , broad at the base , tapering gradually towards the tip. Tail carriage is an important characteristic of the breed : when the dog is in motion the tail is carried high , curved or semi-circle , with the tip towards the loin region , which gives harmony to the body , it should never be carried between the legs rear , or curled over the back. The hair on the tail depends on the variety and is in harmony with the type of body hair . In the long-haired variety , the tail coat forms a plume . The tail is hanging at rest and forms a slight hook .
Forelegs : Forelegs straight , viewed from the front form a straight line with the standard hair cortogomiti ; Viewed in profile , are perpendicular. Shoulders : Clean and moderately muscled . Good angulation between the scapula and the humerus . Elbows: Firm and fitting close to the body to ensure a loose movement . Pastern: Slightly sloping , strong and flexible.
Hindquarters : Hind legs well muscled with long bones , straight and parallel to each other with good angulation of the hip and knee joints , in harmony with the ‘ angle of the rear . Hocks: Short with well developed Achilles’ tendons ; viewed from behind well apart straight and perpendicular.
FEET : Very small and oval with toes well apart but not open ( either by foot hare nor cat-foot ) . Nails particularly well arched and moderately long . Pads well developed and very elastic . Dewclaws must be removed , with the exception of those countries where the law forbids it .
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Steps are long , springy, energetic and sustained , with good reach and drive . Seen from behind, the hind legs should move parallel , so that the footprints of the rear cover those of the front feet . With the increase in speed , the limbs show a tendency to converge towards the center of gravity point ( unique footprint ) . Movement remains free and springy without visible effort , the head is at the top and the back stop .
COAT HAIR : In this breed there are two varieties of coat .
Short-haired : Coat is short , lying close all over body. If present in the hair , the hair is quite long hair rarely permitted on the throat and belly , as it is tolerated slightly longer on neck and tail and short on forehead and ears. The coat is glossy and its texture is soft . Hairless dogs are not tolerated.
Long-haired : Coat should be fine and silky, smooth or slightly wavy. You do not want too thick undercoat . The hair is longer with feathering on the ears, neck, behind the front and rear legs , feet and tail. Subjects with very wavy hair can not be accepted .
COLOR: all colors are allowed , in all possible shades and combinations .
WEIGHT: In this breed only the weight taken into consideration , not the height . Weight: Ideal weight : between 1.5 and 3.0 kg . As subject between 500 gr and 1.5 kg are accepted. Subjects more than 3 kg shall be disqualified .
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness of the consideration of the same fault should be in exact proportion to its degree. – Lack of teeth. – ” Double teeth” ( persistence of temporary teeth ) . – Deformation jaws. – Pointy ears . – Short neck . – Trunk long . – Back curved or saddle back ( Lordosis or Kyphosis ) . – Steep croup . – Chest tight, flat ribs . – Tail: Incorrect insertion, short or crooked . – Short limbs . – Elbows open. – Too closed the rear .
SERIOUS FAULTS : – Skull narrow . – Eyes small , deep set or protruding. – Muzzle long . – Overshot or undershot bite . – Dislocation of the patella .
ELIMINATING FAULTS : – Aggressive or overly shy, that puo’variare to the habits of the owners (if the dog sees often unknown , it will be more extroverted ) – Subjects with type deer ( subjects with atypical or extremely stylized structure : refined head , long neck, slim body , long limbs ) . – Subjects with a large fountain (only in puppies , but if the puppy undergoes a “shock” to the level of the fountain , there may be a life ) – Ears not erect or court. – Excessive length of the trunk. – Absence of tail. – In the long-haired variety : Dogs with very long hair , thin and wavy. – In the short-haired variety : Balding (alopecia) . – Weight over 3 kg . (ie ‘ also varies by the type of chihuahua )
Every subject that clearly shows physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Commentary to the Standard
As already said, the weight is a characteristic discriminating judgment and assessment of the subject is generally preferred smaller for the same typical characteristics, but it would be better to go to an assessment taking into account in particular the objective problems arising from the reproduction of this breed. Prefer a smaller mare does nothing but increase the already high incidence of cesarean deliveries in parts . Despite numerous farms involved in the selection of the breed , has not yet reached a homogeneous type of chihuahua , but it is also possible to observe large differences between breeding and the other especially considering some geographical barriers that have led to three different macro – lines : English – American – Mexican .