Tips: choise your puppy
ADVICE FOR THE CHOICE OF YOUR PUPPY
On this page you can find some useful tips or suggestions to help you choose the best puppy for you and your situation in general.
Always keep in mind that the breeder who grows several litters during the year, knows perfectly the various phases of the life of a chihuahua and all the related needs, therefore, especially if you are at the first experiences rely on the advice of the breeder who, as in the In our case, it should deliver a puppy only if it has assessed whether it is appropriate to do so, to protect the psycho-physical health of the small chihuahua.
We would like to clarify that the chihuahua is a very sweet little dog that is well suited to the family, but each puppy has its own character, and above all there is always to keep in mind that not all puppies can respond in the same way to the various stimulations that come from the surrounding environment …. Patience in these cases is a must!
Already in breeding our puppies receive the first basics of basic education (eg search for the hygienic mat, socialization with the human being etc …) but the rest of the “work” will be up to the future owner who will have to continue teaching and education of the puppy with patience and dedication.
Having said that, here are some useful tips to help you choose the right puppy for you:
IMPORTANT: The well-being and health of the Puppy comes first of all. For your puppy demand the maximum of healthy guarantees.
WHAT ARE YOU LOOKING FOR AND WITH WHICH EXPECTATIONS?
Even before contacting the farm to inquire about the availability of puppies, you must have in mind what you are looking for, and precisely what kind of puppy you are interested in.
For all dog breeds (puppies included), there are specific “Qualitative typologies” of belonging, deriving from the comparison of the subjects themselves with the respective breed standards, to which the SERIOUS breeder always refers to select his breeding dogs and consequently the puppies produced. It is therefore a selection dictated by Morphological, Functional, Aesthetic and Characteristic characteristics, while in this case the Health and the documentation of the puppy have nothing to do, which MUST always be guaranteed and fully delivered in any case. The honest breeder who cares about his genealogical selection work will give you all the explanations of the specific case, without “hiding” anything, on the contrary you will certainly find yourself in front of the usual awning who tries to make the sale look trying to convince you to “save” on the pedigree or on the microchip or other similar amenities, which is a prelude to fraud (the release of the pedigree costs the farmer at least 30 euros)
Below you will find descriptions of the various qualitative types of the puppy, among which you should orient yourself for a more sensible and rational choice before starting the search for your puppy:
Pet quality puppy:
Those puppies considered by the breeder are thus defined NOT suitable for undertaking exhibition or reproductive careers as they have the physical and character qualities suitable for performing the “companion” function. They are healthy and good-natured puppies, delivered with all the following documents including vaccines, cip, and enci pedigree. The reasons for this distinction can be varied and originate by comparing the puppy itself to the breed standard, so that differences may arise from the breed standard, such as: quality of teething and bite, character aspects, conformation of some body regions, quality of the mantle, of the truffle-eyes pigmentation, and many other aesthetic subtleties. They are the most suitable puppies for families and for those who have no exhibition or reproductive intentions. Usually, this type of puppies has lower purchase costs than the type described later, reasons due to the limitation of use of the puppy.
Very Promising puppy
They are those puppies that at the time of delivery do not present defects such as to affect the exhibition and / or reproductive career. Given that these are puppies at a very young age (less than 3-4 months), it is cautious to consider the risks associated with the physiological development still in progress, during which defects may occur, which were previously not present or not evident, which affect the destination initial. For example: a very promising puppy could, following the change of teeth, present anomalies that would exclude it from beauty exhibitions, or could develop morphological conformations that are no longer valuable and appreciated for the breed. Therefore, in the purchase of a promising puppy, this risk should always be considered, considered and included in the estimate of the subject, both by the breeder but even more so by the future owner, better if with detailed written agreements (eg sales contract with agreement guarantee) so that everything is clear on both sides and that nobody has to repeat it later.
ATTENTION: The risk in this case is directly proportional to the young age of the puppy of the puppy (the younger it is, the more you risk that it may fail during growth). Beware of those who “ASSURE” Show Quality puppies at a very young age, it is a contradiction in itself not to say a mockery! The puppy is at risk until the end of development and maybe even later, so you will NEVER be sure that it will keep what it promises. If something goes wrong, you will fully support the risk (unless otherwise agreed in writing, never verbal)
Show Quality subject
In consideration of the above, if you want to be sure of buying a subject that can be used with SAFETY in exhibition and reproductive careers without running the risks mentioned above, we strongly recommend that you turn your attention to a young or adult person who has at least changed the dentition, and that has developed those morphological and character requirements sought for this purpose. Obviously, expect a financial commitment far superior to the previous types since the breeder will recharge all his work spent for years and years on the cost of the show quality subject to select such a subject, grow it for months in harmony with his handler, train it at exhibitions and at the ring, also supporting the material costs of growth and the necessary veterinary prophylaxis and ancillary documentation (passports, pedigree export, registration for zootechnical checks, etc.)
Consider also that any serious breeder will never willingly hand over a show quality subject to adventure-starter or amateurs in jeopardy.
In these cases he will select the most severely candidates to finally deliver his precious treasure to the one who will document the most experience and will show high motivation to realize the puppy’s potential in an exhibition career and later also in reproduction.
In other words: a Ferrari is NEVER delivered in the hands of those who do not have a license to drive it!
Male or female?
Many ask us what are the merits or the defects both of character and of management of the two sexes …
In reality there would not be, or rather none of the two sexes presents particular objective difficulties … but, for those who want a distinction propaedeutic to the choice, we list some peculiar characteristics of the two sexes that could clarify any doubts you doubt, with a view to guide you in the best choice for your specific case:
They are the subjects that stand out the most for resourcefulness and independence. Suffice it to say that almost always, even as puppies, they are the first to explore the environment and eat alone in the bowl, thus inviting others to do the same thing…. From adults they are the most nervous of the group, also because of the heat (they become susceptible to everything and everyone in that period) They establish a strong and almost morbid bond with their master, especially if they are of the opposite sex, and seem to have a stronger character and a highly developed sense of protection towards the young master. Obviously, given that they go in heat twice a year for about twenty days, in those days you will have to pay a little more attention and leave them at home, because their pheromones can also call for dogs of large cuts exposing them to the risk of fights, occasional pairings, but also dangers for yourself as you have to remove all the nearby dogs.
All you have to do is spend that time at home, maybe wearing a hygiene panty, and everything will be over soon.
If you choose it with the intention of making it also reproduce (in due course, of course) look for one that, as an adult, will have the possibility of reaching a weight of no less than two kilos, under this threshold there would be so many problems that only an expert can face up to…
We remind everyone that especially this breed (but also other more or less large breeds), tend to develop PSEUDOGRAVIDANCE (otherwise called in hysterical pregnancy): this is a physiological event in which the female organism mimics a pregnancy with all the alterations connected hormones, accompanied by swelling of the breasts and lactating secretions, and develops a maternal behavior towards an object that they tend to carry in the kennel and defend it.
Repeated hysterical pregnancies expose the female to the onset of reproductive tract cancer, so veterinarians recommend sterilization of the female. This should be taken into account since, in the life of a female, sooner or later sterilization will be necessary to allow her to live longer avoiding the problems described.
if you are at the first experiences, do not neglect the choice of a boy, above all for the fact that not having heats, he will not present the relative problems and consequently it is easier to manage. Even his character is significantly more stable having no hormonal excursions, and often the boys are much more cuddly and sweet than the females.
They can mark the territory by peeing out of place only if they compete with other dogs, or if there are females in heat nearby. This phenomenon can be partially solved with the sterilization of the subject, or with the use of very comfortable hygienic splash guards, but more often an adequate teaching about the right place to soil is sufficient.
As far as the aesthetic aspect alone is concerned, males are often the subjects that best show the aesthetic characteristics of the breed, and pass them on to their offspring.
we also started with a boy (Merlino), we lived in an apartment in Rome, and we didn’t have any management problems, obviously education is always the basis of everything.
This is the primordial prototype cloak of the Chihuahua. In fact, history teaches us that originally the Chihuahua presented only the short-haired coat, later the long hair was introduced (as explained in the following paragraph). The PC is certainly the variety that manifests the peculiar morphology of the Chihuahua, fully revealing its forms and its body morphology. It has very little undercoat, which is naturally replaced once a year (annual wetsuit) during the spring season, when the dog passes from cold to milder climates, so it lightens its winter coat by stripping off its undercoat. . It is very easy to handle, does not retain particular dirt, and when you pass a wet cloth it can be cleaned without problems. In any case, the short-haired subjects should be washed and cleaned but with a lower frequency than the Long hair.
Long Coat :
As mentioned earlier, the story has it that the Chihuahua originally, in its native land (Mexico – Chihuahua region) was present only with a short-haired cape. Subsequently, following the importation of the first specimens in the USA and Europe, the first long-haired Chihuahuas appeared, most probably obtained by coupling short-haired subjects with specimens of other similar breeds such as the spaniel papillon, but there are scholars who also think with the Maltese. In any case, this variety of Chihuahua was selected which, as it spread, obtained official recognition as a breed – Longhair Variety from all International Canine Federations.
The PL is lately much more widespread than the PC, and certainly more represented in beauty exhibitions. Surely among the motivations there is the one that a wise grooming manages to mask and / or make some small imperfections that instead in the PC would be immediately identified less evident. The PL requires some extra care, such as a daily brushing and a more accurate drying after the bath, which will be done more quickly as needed. If the dog goes out often in the garden or in the meadows, the owner will have to inspect the coat daily to make sure that no twigs, insects, or worse, wads have been caught. Given the very small size of the Chihuahua, this is an easy and pleasant operation that lasts 5 minutes, using a special comb or brush. Even the PL changes a year, in the spring season, but we assure you that the PL residues are better collected while the PC remains impaled in the fibers of the fabrics.
The table shows the main colorations of the Chihuahua’s coat, but a research carried out on the FCI / ENCI portal even reveals a more or less infinite series of nuances, always deriving from the genetic intersections of the main colors. In fact in the ENCI standard of Chihuahua any color is allowed and accepted (except for Merle which would seem to be connected to series and dangerous genetic and / or morphological defects that would compromise its health), at the same time reproduction is also allowed between subjects of different color and different type of hair (short hair x long hair) without any negative consequences at genotypic and phenotypic level.
Obviously, according to the law of genetics, some colors are more frequent because they are linked to a dominant gene (eg colors like black or fawn or honey) while other colors are less frequent in manifesting themselves as they are linked to recessive genes such as eg white, blue, liver, choccolate and lilac. To consider then that almost all the aforesaid colors can appear both on the short hair and on the long hair, without restrictions of any kind.